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       3 Wie, icae, 2007

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cuWu jZe gkMc [ae eRai @ijd : Kki cg(ilZKe)

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^aK P]e I ckZ P]eu _eY jA[f Zue C Rd_Kg ^edYu ^Ze i @\e[f icRa\ ^Z QZ Ra^e i @fP^, _~fP^ I icfP^ ce MUG iM^ @\eQ, "@g bM fKu C^Ze gj bM fKu aKg'

GjK iZe _eYZ KeaK icRK, @[K I eR^ZK @k^K @MA ^a fle Zu jZe MX CV[f iMV^ "@Ie^i' ~jK Ga eR iej\ _e jA _Wg eRe _j_eQ i jf Kki P cg

^KUe Zu i\^e _Kg _AQ IW@ \^K i\_Z "@ceK[' ^R P]ee eRK C^Z _[e ^aK g_[ ^A i _\ aXAQ eR eR^ZK Ga G[_A aQQ icRa\ _UK

Kki cgu P]e I fl iKe RYaK Zu ilZ Ke[f IWg WU Kc _le i\_ eCZ

GK\ IWge QZ @k^K ^ZZ \A[a Kki _ea ahe eRe ab^ @kK ici C_e @k^ Zk i`kZe fKu C\a Ke_eQ age ~C i^K Mf a ^RK IW@ ba _ePd \aK KYa] Ke^[a cgu \L I P @g bM fKu @ijdZ

\g a\ge ab^ ce Rk, Rwf I Rc C_e @\aiu @]Ke _A \a C_i_Z Ke @i[a Kkiu cZe _KZMZ _P~e be IWg Ka Mea ^j ici GVe \e\g _aY eR^Zmu @ba `ke cuWu jZe gkMc (IWg) ejQ Ga Zje _eYZe @ijd eRai Meae _ePd _CQ

QZ icde @_Y eR^Z ij GK_Ke RWZ jA ejQ KCbk _eag Ga _eiZ @_Yu
Gj KeaK _j^ \A[f?


1961 cij cA 7 ZeLe Xu^k Rfe ce R^ ijee MW@^ke @c Ne i icde ije _fc^ gl C_e iZ Re \C^[ae a]jG c ije ag gl MjY Ke[a _f [f agh Ke \\ (M) c^u _ba ag [f

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KfR Ra^ K[ KQ Kja?

Xu^k _e KUKe L KfRK ~A[f _XaK iVe 4[ ahe KfR d^@^ ib_Z _\ _A fXA Ke je[f _e g^KZ^ c _XaK ~A[f iVe `e KUKe eb^ KfRe ^c fLA[f 1981e KfR d^@^ ib_Z ba ^aPZ jA[f ijah C}k aga\kd i^UK _[c QZ _Z^] ba ^aPZ jA[f 1980 I 1984e eRe jA[a \AU QZ @k^e ^ZZ ^A[f

QZ Ra^e a]jG ac_^ @bcLe Pf[f?

j QZ Ra^e ac_^u ^Z _Z @K jA[f K icd Kc @^ba Kf cIu ^Z @bcLe Gc^ aPZ jAQ ic^ aqMZ [K _]^ \CQ icRK fl I aqMZ [ c^ jf \k icR Cbde C^Z jA[G lcZe aKKeY ^Ke Kak aq _ePd i \Me \WaK c _i Ke^ ^Z ~\ fl aPZ jG Za \k _[ aPZ ja baK Zjj jA[f ac\kMWKe ZY Gj ~ @g bM fKu C^Z \Me KQ ijdK jA_ea^ Zj @^ba Kf

Za _ea _\l_ K'Y jf?

1986 akK RY _ef @ijd fKu c]de a_a @Yae ac_^ c^ i`k jA_ea^ ZY ic^u Ve az^ jA[f iZakK c^e fl [G iZ, K ^ aU cfc [G ^ [f KQ ik aaj c jAie[G GK cg^e Ne QW ie[G ZY eR]^e eKWe @e jA[f fXA KQ au ij cg @e Ke[f "cMR^ iKfUw' aaid \' _Ai ckae aU Lf~A[f Gj @aiee ab^ G^RIu ij [a icRK K~Kc^u ige @i[f

"@Ie^i'e R^ Ka?

ici ce MZ Ke[a ak ij 1986e jZMYZ icba_^ fKu ^A MX CV[f "@Ie^i' \e\ fKu @ijdZK eR^ZK Ai KeaK Kjae @^^ G^RI c^ c' Ve \eAMf, ~_eK c MUG bf K[ Kj\f c bfba @^ba Ke_ef ]^K e c^ Kak ^Re Cg i]^ _A G^RI MWK jZaei Ke @^\^ \CQ ZY a jA "@Ie^i' cce @e jf @g bM fKu GKV Keae eR^ZK icRK @k^

@Ie^ie _\l_ K'Y jf ?

_\l_e ZfK Z ajZ f aMZ \^e Gje ^ZZe ia^c cRe, iZ @k^, _e-KYK akbc, icad @k^, @bdeY, ai_^ ae], c^a]Ke (\\^ gcK, jRZ cZ, cjk @ZPe) @\ _iwe eRa_ i`k @k^ jA_eQ Gja\ cjaZ bk \a \a_Ke ef` @\ @bq

Za cAK `A^^e @e Ka I K_e?

KUKe @Ie^i _le ab^ K~Kc Pf[G eRe KZK i^e \e\ fKu fU[a i]Le fKu ae]e @k^ Pf[G aa ciR\ bw _e KUKe "@Ie^i'e iKdZ ~M i\dK \wK eK ~A_e[f c j cL bcK ^A_e[f

1991e WG`@AWe GK _Z^] \k KUK Me @i[a ak @Ie^ie Kc \L cZ af\ge jC[a GK cAK KWU ik^K ~a _A ^cY Ke[f ijVe j c c _ge Ce _A ^P[f Zjj a]jG [f c Ra^e _[c ^P

IWge ~A[a ac^ Gj \L aiZ jA~A[f c \L[f af\g bk GK l\ ee cAK-KWU cce @ijd fKu GKZZ Ke ic^u C^Z _A Kc KejCQ Gj bK @]e Ke @Ie^i 1998 @Kae 2 ZeLe @e Ke[f cAK KWU Gje iPd bK iM^ jA[f "ib, ib @ if KWU _Mc'


@Ie^i Ga cAK KWU KZ i`k jAQ?

Gj ac^ IWg, _caw, QZgMW, @, MReUe iKd jA_eQ \f KGUee K~kd LfQ icM \ge 19 fl i\i jA_e[a ak Kak IWge @Q 16 fl Gje 648U gL K~kd [a ak 8000e C KcPe K~eZ

\ge 5/6 jRe iMV^ cAK KWU lZe K~ Ke[f c @Zage gjU iMV^ iKd @Q Z^e @c iMV^ _cL ba aaPZ 2009e IWge lcZ \Lf fl ejQ ~R^^~d @Mie c jCQ 2012e icM \ge 12 KU _eaeu Gj @b~^e GKZZ Kea 2011e \fe ^i^f K^ Kea


eR^Z I R^ia ce _[K K'Y?

@_Y R^ia KjK KjQ? Gj gK c NY Ke @c Ra^e @R ~j _AQ Zj KZK fKu \^ @ee ej @fK \LA[a fKu Pe @c @fKZ fKu _A ^Z c^ aQ fKc^ Kje \de _Z ^j ZY ~C c^ KjQ ic^ R^ia KeQ Zj Kak GK @Z_a^ _KZe Zj Kea ic^u Ka

KfR Ra^e eR^Z ij \N \^ _e eR eR^Ze _ag KeaK ^ ^a _Qe
Cg K'Y?


1994e @Ie^i @k^ ij RWZ [a _d 200 fKu ab^ i^e ^aP^e aRd KeAae i`k jA[f fKc^ ^R _Aie ic^u aRd KeA[f cZ _e ic^ aPe I ^Ze jU~A ab^ \ke ~M \f Gj cZ a[Z Ke[f c KYi eR^ZK _eaee @i^j GK Mea Ph _eaee @iQ Ga @R _~ P]e I ia j ce ik

_ae ac_^ [f K jVZ ia \kK @WA icRa\ _Ue ~M \aK ^ KjK?

ac_^ c^u ij ^ZMZ I aPee _b\ ~M aj _ae ic^u ij iK ZUA ieQ \ge [a _cL eR^ZK \k MWK _eaeMZ P]ee _ePkZ KZK @M]We \ke Z PeL b jAQ

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IWg Mea KjK?

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Za @ce G _eiZ _A KG \d?

@ce \bM \N ah ja @c ac^u \e giZ @c ^Zu _Le Uic^i_ ^j ic^u _Le aPee @ba @c @^ eRe ^Zu Ra\ KeQ @c Ra\ Kj Ke^j RM^[u a^ @c _ePd g^ RZdee ^Z ^[ae @c aje @c _ePd \A_e^ @c ^Zue fKu _Z \e\ ^j Kak aK aK KZK fK aRa afCQ

aMZ \^e @_Y @^K i^e Kak ^a^u ae]e KjQ KMi K'Y \^Z Ke^?

^ ^ Zj ^j \N \^ ]e KMi gi^e IWg [f K aMZ 7 ahe gi^e ^a^ KMie 50 ahe \^ZK U_ ~AQ LY aK i \g\j KeQ fKc^ KMe Kgi^ aS _eQ K ^a^ ]k _hK I ^ej Pje \LA eRK Kbk fUQ Zj aSaK fKc^ @ic[

aR_ Zu _Qe @ jAQ ic^ue ^Z ^j K MZ ^j \^ @ia ^a^ aWa Ga eARK aWAa i IWg QW _kAa Ga @c K^ jZe aK jA bK@ a^[a KMie \^Z ZfK Z f KYi _]^c (c^cj^) GK a\g K^ (_) _A _ _ [e aVK WKa NUYe \^Ze M ae jCQ


IWge R^ jA Ka Ma @^ba KeQ?

^Z IW@ af Ma KeQ c' a_ I cZbcK ^[a fKu c NY Ke Kak IWg ^j , c R^ cU Xu^k RfK ^A c MaZ Gj RfK KZK "f @` `fi' Z[_ c Kja c ij Rfe _@ ba MaZ cZ c c' ie, Ub c'K ^A Ma Keae c^ ^[G bMa^ @cK \AQ @c _P~e @Q K cuWu jZe gkMc (IWg) ej[ae @c Mea jA~AQ @c GjK a\kAae icd @i~AQ

@_Y ^aP^K IjAa a]jG ^Z Za KC @i^K _i Kea?

j ~\ ^aP^e _Z\\Z K[ P Kf c M c cU K[ @M baa ~CV K fK cZ "c _@' Kj fKu baaMK ^A c @MAa ic^ @^K ^Z _AQ, K C^Ze aj \ee [ae c^e @^K lb ejQ ic^u _A KQ KeaK _[c P Kea ^Z

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