IWg Lae

_ai IW@

ilZKe

agh Lae

IWge a

PV _Z

   RfA 9,2005,g^ae

_z\

@c KG

_eY _

~M~M

 

ilZKe

@RZK _ a^~Me Cbd bf, c MY ejQ

IWg WU Kc K GK agh ilZKee Kj IWg  iiAU 
@` \
@ceK^i (IGiG) e ^a ^aPZ ib_Z
^e^ Z_V

ilZKe e cL @g

IWg  iiAU @` @` \ @ceK^i (IGiG)e ^a ^aPZ ib_Z ^e^ Z_V Ne K_W Rfe _cA ^KU _W^_f M 1940 cije gh @WK M QW Zu a_ Pf @i[f _cawe e_i ^Me KfKZ

iAV Zue R^ Me Zu _eaee @^ c^ jf MUG ij bCY, [email protected] bA I a_ c LW, IWg aje QA[f j jAf gl ic Ke[f _cAe Gc. G^.jAfe _ee GiiGi KfRe iZK _e AeRe iZKe KUKe eb^ie

 cdebRe GK QU KfRe KQ \^ _A @]_^ Kf_e "\ KfKZ @aRebe' _ZK _A KQ \^ _A
i\KZ


^C IefG^i aga\kde GcaG _Xa iKg 1979e @ceK M 1987e UKi
aga\kde @[^Ze WKeU i_ Kf_e UKie W^U^iZ ^[ UKi aga\kde
@[^Z abMe ~M \A[f _Z Z, RY adfRKf iA, Cbd MUG
@^^e Kc KeQ

\AU K^ i^ ice adi 15, aW gb^ 16U ai @ZKc Ke 17e _\ [_Q1987
cije WG`Wa @Pke i^d IW@ i\de ia K~e iKd bcK MjY Ke @i[a Z_V
2000-04 _~ e[~Z Ca Ga Wfi `U I[ j Uf iiAUe RM^[ c i_^
(2002)e _cL bcK ^AQ

IWge Kk Z[ @[K aKg K~e ^dRZ ab^ NeA ii ij IWg aKg A^iGUb,
A@^ _e`cw `Ci^ bk @^^ MWK ij _Zlba RWZ

2003 cije "ie `e IWg _e`cw @U `e @ceK^' (iI_GG) i_^ fM iac
i ij~ KeQ Gj iwV^ Re@e _\abhY Me KkPeY cj_Z, @eY cj, ce
\i, C\d iV icZ @^c^ @ceKe IWg ^Z _eahY Ke[f

IW@ iwZmc^u ^A @^K K~Kc @dR^ KeQ 1998 cije _`f Ke I
cj_i\ Ke, 2001e MZ @ld cj, 1998e _`f Ke Ga 2001 I 2002e ibh
\i, W.\c\e jZ, 2004e _`f Ke, iKe @fc I ^R@ id\ _cL @i[f

2004 UKie Wfie @dRZ 35Zc IGiG ik^e i @ajK ejQ 2001cije
IGiG _le Kkg _ee _AQ 1994-96 I 2003-05e IGiG iC[I P_ee
_Z^]Z KeQ 1997 cije UKie j^Ve @dRZ 28Zc IGiG ik^ icde
iZK K~Kce iwVK \dZ c ZfAQ

IWge aZ Ga MReUe bcK lZM aqc^u ^c _Y ~MW fM iKd bcK MjY
Ke[a Z_V ac^ ^[ UKi aga\kde beZd QZ iNe _ecg\Z \dZe
^AQ
 

@_Y ac^ IGiGe ib_Z \dZ cAQ Gj iwV^e c]ce IWge aKg
fM KC KcK @_Y _[cKZ \a?


RYKe aqMZ @M]Ke I RY IW@bae \dZa] Z[ IWg iiAU @` \
@ceK^i (IGiG) iwV^e ^Z^dce aj _[K ejQ IGiG i]^e \Zd _ez\e
Gje fl iKe iaghba CfL ejQ i[c]e KZK MeZ_ ahd jf,

(K) IWg _Z @Mj ic aqu ^A GK @Y eR^ZK I @Y fb\d ii MV^ Kea

(L) IWge iZ _A @Mj I K~Kk_K _j^ \a

(M) IWg Z[ @ceK/K^W c]e iP^e a^cdK ijR Kea

IGiGe KZK KcU ejQ, @[^ZK C^d^, IWg _A @[^ZK C^d^ I icR KfY
^ce _ePZ Gj KcU MWK ^eaz^ba K~ KeQ

IWge aKg fM IGiG G _~ KYi ^ fl eL ^j Za Ce @ceKe ej[a
aj IW@ @Y @^^Kba Gj K~ jZK ^AQ IWge @[^ZK @ba fM IGiG
~bk K~ Kea i[_Z _[cK \ \a

:
IWge bM _ea^ fM IGiG MeZ_ bcK MjY Ke_ea af @_Y baQ K
Ga ~\ j Zj KcZ ia ja?


 @ceKe ac^ Pe jRe IW@ _eae ejQ Gc^u c]e MUG _eae
~\ ahK 5gj Wfe Uu IWge icR[email protected][^ZK C^d^ _K aa\K \@ Za @^^
2KU Uu @Kge iMjZ jA_ea

@ceKe [a @, cje, MReU I Kek @\ eRe _ai beZdc^ GjV @]K @[
~MW Ke_ea 2000-01 cije GK jia @^ie IWge icRK ia C\Me
ahK ic\d 10 jRe Ga K_Uf ad @^^ 8gj 50 KU Uu

_ai IW@c^u Gj ij~ eg @_lKZ Kc jf j eRe aKg \Me MeZ_ bcK
MjY Kea Gj ^Z IWge ab^ C^d^ _K fM _ai IW@c^ ~\ icjKba GK
KU Uu iMj Ke Za Gj \g KU iw ic^ ja

i, _[cK gl, Mc KfY, _eck _bZ ahd MWK IWge aKg ^A @fP^e _e]K
@iaak @]Kg fK @_lKZ QU QU iwV^ Re@e Kc KeaK @Mj [ae c
@^ba KeQ

QU iwV^ MWK Gbk _K _A @]K cZe _bagk jA_ea KeY _ee c]e
bae Cc @\^ _\^ jA_ea, RY fK @]K iKd jA ^Re bcK ZfAa, _ee
c]e aa\ Kca, ^ ^C[a K_l ijR Xwe ^Z ^dc MWK _Yd^ Ke_ea
AZ\ AZ\

cUcU KjaK Mf QU iwV^ MWKe aa] _ba ejQ

 
IWge \e\ I _Q@ iciK @_Y Kbk \e \LQ?

 IWge _~ bbce @ba ejQ i[~M Gje fKc^u C_~q gl, i
ia_e L\ bk ckK ahd MWK ~MA \@~A_e^j C_eq ic ahd i]eY
\ae gYbq Ga GMWK ~MA \a ieKeu _[cK Ka ja CPZ

ieKe ac^ eR aRUe \ec, _^i^ I i] \d \aK ilc jA _e^j eRe
eR iMj _ecY, _R ~MW Keae lcZ \^K \^ Kc ~CQ ieKe K~Z C}U
@[K iKUe iL^ jCQ

 
@_Yu cZe KC ^c^ , \bw ^KU bahZe IWgK GK icgk eRe
_eYZ Keae ij~ Ke_ea?

 iZ be iek _ a^~M i\ i Ke ~jZ Gj eR @agK _ iMj
KeaK @lc, ZY @c @]K iLK NeA _ a^~M _KdK CjZ Kea Ree
a^~MKec^ ~\ _Z~MZ jee ^Re __ _Aa Za eRK NeA _ @iae
_[ iMc jA_ea

IWge ac^ ~Z ia g ejQ, ic^u bZe _~U^, LY Ga c i\e @]K @[
C_R^ jA_ea Gj ia C\MK @]K NeA _ @K Kea fM IWgK iac C\c
KeaK _Wa

eR ajee a^~MKe _A C_e CfL ej[a C\M MWK fb\dK Kea ^c
ckK bbc ia] iKg a^~M aai _Z IWg ieKe @Mj i Ke_ef eR _A
Zj a^ \]e @]K cwkKe ja

NeA _ a^~MKec^u @K Keae a`k jC[ae IWg \^K \^ Mea jae
fMQ

KYi _ai beZd ^Za @Mj aq agh _Ke bbc aKg _A @Mj _Kg Kf
ieKe I Gje ab^ GR^ MWK i^d ee ic^u ic ij~ ij~M Kea CPZ
aghKe gl, i, _eck, _Ke Ga l\ g lZe G[_Z @M]Ke \aK ja

GcZ KZK _ai I i^d g\M @Q ~Cc^u IWge NeA C\Me _ a^~M
fM @K Ke~A_ea IWge bbce i~M ^[f c] ic^ Gje _Z iKe _ae
@aMZ [ae Gje `A\ ^A_ea

@AU lZe Gj KZKge ia jAQ Ga l\Kd jf j Kca adUK
C\Me _ba Kcg \gc^ jCQ Gbk _ a^~M a Kea _A ieKeu GK ^
@^Kk ^Z _Yd^ KeaK ja

 
ac^e eR eR^Zc^u iKe @_Yue KQ Kjae @Q K? IWge iZK
_eiZ fM @_Yu \e \d KG ?


c' baQ @]Kg eR^Z eRe iZK _eiZ iKe @^c^u Zk^e @]K
RY bbce a^~M _A _ a^~M bk @]K _Ye @agKZ _W[G Za Gje
_Z\^ \NKk^ iZe ck[G

Cc fK Ga @agKd ik [f icRe ~ KYi _[K i Kea ia_e
jA_ea KjK \d Kea _ea @c CK CVae @agKZ ejQ fl jif _A
ab^ fKu c]ce @ia ij @agKik ~ KYi ij~e i\ a^~M Kea aQ^d
ja

 
@_Y @C \A ah @`ie eja KZK ^ aKg _Kd jZK ^a fM ac^e
_gi^ C_e @_Y Kbk P_ i Kea?

MUG ieKeK MYc]c K aqMZ ~MiZ c]ce @c _baZ Kea @ia
a_e eR^ZK P_ i Kea fM RY aqe lcZ eja \eKe @ag Gj \A _Kee
MUG cZ\^ Ga \ZdU jf @[

@ceKe IW@ i\dK icjKba _[c GjK _Z_\Z KeaK ja ieKeu
_baZ Kea fM ^R jZK lcZ @Ya _ae Gj iwV^ IWge @[K _eiZe @L \g@
_ea^ @YaK ja

 ac^e ieKe IWgK \ge AZ eRba MX ZkaK _di KeQ Ga G
iKe @_Yu cZcZ KY?


 eRe AZ gK @KiKba _ a^~Me _ac^ @ia aaK @bZ_a I
MZ~M c]

IWg GKK ahK 44 ^dZ U^ AZ C_\^ KeaK ~R^ Ke[a LaeKMRe RYaK
_AQ ac^ beZe _Zah 34 ^dZ U^ AZ C_\Z jCQ Ga age AZ C_\^
ZfKe Gje ^c ^ac i^e ejQ

_aZ AZ KeL^ K~lc jf eRe @ba a_Kba ja G[e KYi \] ^j

_aZ lcZ a K~ ^Zba IWg _A ajZ bbc PfR i Kea g iieY ij
Gj _aK ~R^aba i_ KeaK ja

Gbk GK Cy C_\^lc aai ~M IWge AZ gK @[ Ga c^ \e age @MY AZ
C_\^ e P^, @ceK, R_^ Ga \lY Ke@ij _Z\ߦZe iL^ jaK _Wa Kak
iZK ^j fb_\ jA ejaij ag aRee iL^ jaK jf _ePk^ K_l, gcK
ia_e aeKUc^ ic^u cZMZe _ea^ @YaK ja

@RZK _ a^~M _Kde bf MY iwK c MY c] ejQ aRee iY @ai i jf
_ a^~MKec^ ^R ^Re _ `eA ^ae bd ejQ 10 ah Zk IWge Gbk
_eiZ i jA[f

UU f, fei^ @ Ua, eR _f Ga @^ KZK AZ KeL^ i_^ fM @Mj _Kg
Ke[f j _ea _eiZe jVZ ^eaZ @af^ Ke[f ac^ IWge AZ C\Me
@^Kk aZaeY i jAQ

IWge @^ KYi ahde KQ Kjae @Q K?

Ce : c baQ @c IW@c^ ^R ^Re gZ @c ia GK ^ XPe _W ~AQ
IWgK _MZ_[e ^aK jf @cK aj gc Ke KeaK ja @c bZe ej[a @^jZ
gq _Z \ \aK ja Ga ic eRe [ \e ibG ckZba @MA ~aK ja


(IWg WU Kc)